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Title: The influence of the Bahá'í principles on employment relations
Author: Momtazian, Legha
ISNI:       0000 0004 7651 6695
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2018
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This research explores how the principles of the Bahá'í Faith influence employment relations, and whether it is possible to maintain these principles in practice. The Bahá'í Faith is a contemporary world religion originating in 1863 in Iran. This research focuses on power relations, dealing with conflict, and employee involvement (Fox, 1966). The theoretical lenses used for this research are aspects of power (Lukes, 2005), participation (Vroom, 2003), justice and fairness (Rawls, 1971), and Equity theory (Adams, 1963). In order to explore the research question, case-study methodology (Yin , 2003; Robson, 2011) was employed, exploring three organisations based in the USA and UK, that aimed to apply Bahá'í principles; with the use of multiple methods (interviews, focus group discussions and archival study). This was coupled with a scriptural study to explore the underpinnings of the perceptions and behaviours related to Bahá'í principles. The outcomes relate the concept of 'work in the spirit of service' with justice, moderation, responsibility, and participation; and the three cases displayed parallels with various aspects of this approach. However, while all three cases emphasised reduced power relations and increased employee involvement, they varied in the extent and depth of practice. This is explained by the approach of the Bahá'í Faith to individual understanding and practice of the religion and absence of a clerical role. This study makes several new contributions including the proposing a 'consultative/collaborative' approach to employment relations, with distributed power, supporting the interest of the employees, and decision-making with a consultative approach; a novel methodology conjoining the case-study method with scriptural study in exploring the influence of religious beliefs on employment relations; and the conceptualisation of 'work in the spirit of service' as a justice-centric approach, which could have potential policy implications as well as highlighting areas for future research.
Supervisor: Heyes, Jason ; Newsome, Kirsty ; Johnson, Phil Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available