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Title: Psychosocial mediators of the relationship between sexual minority status and depressive symptoms in a longitudinal sample of young people
Author: Argyriou, Angeliki
ISNI:       0000 0004 7660 1064
Awarding Body: King's College London
Current Institution: King's College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2018
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Background: Evidence suggests that sexual minorities (e.g. those identifying as lesbian, gay or bisexual) experience increased rates of depression compared to heterosexual individuals. Aim: This review provided a systematic examination of research assessing the evidence for factors that help explain such disparities. Methods: A literature search was conducted using the databases PubMed, PsycINFO, and Web of Science. The review included 33 identified studies that examined mediators of sexual minority status and depressive outcomes using a between-group design (i.e. heterosexual versus sexual minority participants). Studies of adolescents and adult samples were both included. Results and Conclusions: The most common findings suggested that minority stressors (e.g. victimisation), increased stress, and lower social support lead to differing depression rates in sexual minority compared to heterosexual individuals. All papers had methodological shortcomings such as the use of cross-sectional designs, inferior statistical analyses for mediation, or measures that had not been properly validated. Recommendations for future research are discussed.
Supervisor: Rimes, Katharine Amber ; Chadwick, Paul ; Koukounari, Artemis ; Goldsmith, Kimberley Ann Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available