Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Investigation of metal cluster production with the Matrix Assembly Cluster Source and chemical deposition of gold nanoparticles in porous silicon for optical studies
Author: Mathieu, Thibault
ISNI:       0000 0004 7653 624X
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2019
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
Firstly, we investigated a novel method in which metal clusters are formed from the sputtering of a cryogenic solidified carbon dioxide gas matrix loaded with metal atoms, dubbed the Matrix Assembly Cluster Source (MACS). Using STEM images of the deposited silver clusters on TEM grids, we studied their size-dependence as a function of both the metal loading in the dry ice matrix and the energy ofthe sputtering ion beam used to extract them. Secondly, a MACS2 system was built, which enabled the deposition of metal clusters on a larger area. Silver, gold and binary gold-palladium clusters were produced with the MACS2 and deposited on presputtered graphite tape. Flakes of graphite loaded with metal clusters were produced and it is demonstrated that these samples show catalytic activity for the carbon monoxide oxidation reaction. Finally, gold nanoparticles were chemically embedded in porous silicon layers. Reflectometry measurements were used to determine the linear refractive index and the composition of the nanocomposites in near infrared. Ultrafast time-resolved pump-probe spectroscopy measurements are carried out on the samples, using an 800 om p-polarised pump and a 2.5 J.lm s-polarised probe. Carrier densities, linear and nonlinear optical constants are determined experimentally, supported by optical models.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Leverhulme Trust
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QC Physics