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Title: Laser-induced surface modifications for optical applications
Author: Jwad, Tahseen
ISNI:       0000 0004 7653 5300
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2018
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Surface treatments by applying laser processing have gained a significant attention due to the achievable surface properties along with the selectivity that cannot be realized with other methods. The focus of this research is on investigating and developing laser-based treatment methods, i.e. laser-induced surface oxidation, laser-induced oxygen reduction, and laser-induced periodic surface structures (LIPSS), to address the requirements of specific applications in optics, aesthetics, and anti-counterfeiting, e.g. colour marking and the fabrication of optical devices and diffraction holograms. A single spot oxidation method is proposed to control the size of the oxidation area and its thickness on titanium substrates. A pixel resolution down to the beam spot size with high special control is achieved. To produce diffraction optical devices on glass substrates a direct writing another method is proposed. Especially, the method is implemented and validated for fabricating two-level phase-type FZPs with a nanosecond laser by converting a titanium film on glass substrates into titanium dioxide patterns with a thickness controlled at nano scale. The flexibility and applicability of laser-induced oxidation is extended with a method for erasing colour marks selectively by employing a laser-induced oxygen reduction. Finally, a method for producing LIPSS patterns with varying orientations is developed and then validated for fabricating diffraction gratings on metallic surface.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery