Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.768307
Title: Learning deep representations for robotics applications
Author: Aktaş, Ümit Ruşen
ISNI:       0000 0004 7653 4375
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2018
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Abstract:
In this thesis, two hierarchical learning representations are explored in computer vision tasks. First, a novel graph theoretic method for statistical shape analysis, called Compositional Hierarchy of Parts (CHOP), was proposed. The method utilises line-based features as its building blocks for the representation of shapes. A deep, multi-layer vocabulary is learned by recursively compressing this initial representation. The key contribution of this work is to formulate layerwise learning as a frequent sub-graph discovery problem, solved using the Minimum Description Length (MDL) principle. The experiments show that CHOP employs part shareability and data compression features, and yields state-of- the-art shape retrieval performance on 3 benchmark datasets. In the second part of the thesis, a hybrid generative-evaluative method was used to solve the dexterous grasping problem. This approach combines a learned dexterous grasp generation model with two novel evaluative models based on Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs). The data- efficient generative method learns from a human demonstrator. The evaluative models are trained in simulation, using the grasps proposed by the generative approach and the depth images of the objects from a single view. On a real grasp dataset of 49 scenes with previously unseen objects, the proposed hybrid architecture outperforms the purely generative method, with a grasp success rate of 77.7% to 57.1%. The thesis concludes by comparing the two families of deep architectures, compositional hierarchies and DNNs, providing insights on their strengths and weaknesses.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.768307  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QA76 Computer software
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