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Title: Measurement of electromagnetic noise coupling and signal mode conversion in data cabling
Author: Arihilam, Edwin
ISNI:       0000 0004 7653 1705
Awarding Body: De Montfort University
Current Institution: De Montfort University
Date of Award: 2018
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Nonuniformity in transmission lines is known to be one of the causes of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) and signal integrity (SI) issues, especially at high frequencies. This may include unpredictability in the manufacturing process, design constraints, tolerances in the values of terminal components, pigtail effects, etc., that can generate, common mode currents - with resultant degradation of signal performance of transmission lines with respect to ground. All these phenomena are capable of converting the desired differential mode (DM) signal into the unwanted common mode (CM) signal and vice versa. This study looks at cable nonuniformity resulting from irregular cable twists in twisted pair cabling, using the Category 6 UTP as an example, and considers this phenomenon responsible for signal mode conversion. Although twisted pair cables are generally often regarded as balanced transmission lines, the study shows that signal mode conversion is capable of twisted pair cables, and that makes twisted pair cabling a non-ideal balanced transmission line. However, it is difficult to analyse nonuniformity using differential equations because of the changing per-unit-length (p.u.l) parameters throughout an entire line length. Because of this, experimental measurements based on mixed-mode s-parameters analysis are designed and used to show that twisted pair cables can convert a differential mode signal to common mode signal and thus cause radiated emissions to the circuit environment. A vital contribution of this study is in the measurement techniques used. Similarly, a common mode signal (represented by an externally generated noise signal) can couple onto the transmission line, and because of the physical structure of the line, the line could become susceptible to external noise. These phenomena are not associated with ideal balanced transmission lines. In either case, if the mode conversion is not minimized, it has the potential to affect the performance of the twisted pair transmission line in terms of bit error rate. Bit error rate, BER, is basically the average rate at which transmitted errors occur in a communication system due to noise and is defined as the number of bits in error divided by the total number of bits transmitted. Therefore, reducing mode conversion in a transmission line helps to reduce the bit error rate and indeed minimise crosstalk in the communication channel. The experiments were conducted using a 4-Port Vector Network Analyser. The significance of using the 4-port VNA is that it has a general application in cable parameter measurement in the absence of specialized/customized measuring instruments. Nonetheless, with some transmission line assumptions based on the Telegrapher's equation and applying the concept of modal decomposition, the mechanisms of signal mode conversion could be recognised. Consequently, an approximate first step symbolic solution to identifying EM radiation and hence DM-to-CM conversion and vice versa in data cable were proposed.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Tertiary Education Trust Fund (Nigeria)
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available