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Title: Ancient Greek Scientific knowledge of landscape and certain natural phenomena
Author: Celoria, Francis Sergius Cajetan
Awarding Body: Birkbeck (University of London)
Current Institution: Birkbeck (University of London)
Date of Award: 1961
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After a brief discussion of terms of reference, previous work on the theme is examined. Then an enquiry is made into Greek thought about landscape, physical features and various natural phenomena, the aim being to bring to light the Greeks' general motives, approaches, methods and theories. Throughout the introductory chapter, modern conceptions and the latest theories are mentioned as fully as possible to provide a contrast. The remaining eight chapters examine in detail eight topics of Greek thought relating to these phenomena. Each chapter offers illustrations of ancient ideas about a subject or suggestions about possible approaches for a study of the history of the subject, or both. The chapter on (1) Mountains shows that in Hellas there was wide topographical knowledge of them combined with little scientific theory. The chapter on (2) Rivers gives evidence of some sound theory existing with much myth. The slow growth of the first geographical technical term, (3) Delta, illustrates how slow the Greeks were to make a special vocabulary. (4) Caves and (5) Lakes were not studied scientifically, ideas of floating islands are shown to have coloured ancient physiographic thinking on (6) Islands. An attempt is then made to see how far ideas on the (7) Earth as an animal or organism influenced early scientific thinking. Lastly a mention of (8) Auroras in Aristotle*s Meteorologica is reinterpreted showing the usefulness of non-Greek parallels in evaluating Greek descriptions of natural phenomena.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available