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Title: Spin currents in organic semiconductors
Author: Wittmann, Angela Dorothea Anshi
ISNI:       0000 0004 7651 4665
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 2019
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Organic semiconductors have recently been found to have a comparably large spin diffusion time and length. This makes them ideal candidates for spintronic devices. However, spin injection, transport and detection properties in organic materials have yet to be fully understood. This work studies spin injection from ferromagnets into organic semiconductors via spin pumping. Furthermore, work towards thermal spin injection, and detection is presented and discussed. The first part of this thesis comprises the spin pumping experiments. Measuring linewidth broadening of the microwave absorption at ferromagnetic resonance due to increase in effective Gilbert damping by spin pumping from a ferromagnetic substrate into an adjacent non-magnetic semiconductor allows us to quantify the spin-mixing conductance. This technique is employed to demonstrate spin injection from a ferromagnetic metal, permalloy (Ni81Fe19), into organic small molecules and conjugated polymers as well as to quantify the spin injection efficiency. The results highlight the importance of structural properties of organic semiconductors at the interface to permalloy. Significant suppression of spin injection due to alkyl side-chains separating the core of the small molecules from the interface is exemplary for this finding. Furthermore, the spin-mixing conductance depends very sensitively on the charge carrier density within a certain range of doping level. This suggests a strong link between spin injection efficiency and spin concentration in the organic semiconductor at the interface to permalloy. The second part of the thesis aims to explore spin caloritronic effects. We study spin injection into organic semiconductors by probing the spin Seebeck effect by making use of the inverse spin Hall effect for spin-to-charge conversion. Moreover, we present experimental work towards observation of a novel effect, the inverse spin Nernst effect, for thermal spin detection.
Supervisor: Sirringhaus, Henning Sponsor: ERC
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Spin pumping ; Ferromagnetic resonance ; Organic semiconductor ; Spin caloritronics