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Title: Path manipulation strategies for rendering dynamic environments
Author: Bizdideanu, Adina
ISNI:       0000 0004 7660 496X
Awarding Body: Bournemouth University
Current Institution: Bournemouth University
Date of Award: 2019
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The current work introduces path manipulation as a tool that extends bidirectional path tracing to reuse paths in the temporal domain. Defined as an apparatus of sampling and reuse strategies, path manipulation reconstructs the subpaths that compose the light transport paths and addresses the restriction of static geometry commonly associated with Monte Carlo light transport simulations. By reconstructing and reusing subpaths, the path manipulation algorithm obviates the regeneration of the entire path collection, reduces the computational load of the original algorithm and supports scene dynamism. Bidirectional path tracing relies on local path sampling techniques to generate the paths of light in a synthetic environment. By using the information localized at path vertices, like the probability distribution, the sampling techniques construct paths progressively with distinct probability densities. Each probability density corresponds to a particular sampling technique, which accounts for specific illumination effects. Bidirectional path tracing uses multiple importance sampling to combine paths sampled with different techniques in low-variance estimators. The path sampling techniques and multiple importance sampling are the keys to the efficacy of bidirectional path tracing. However, the sampling techniques gained little attention beyond the generation and evaluation of paths. Bidirectional path tracing was designed for static scenes and thus it discards the generated paths immediately after the evaluation of their contributions. Limiting the lifespan of paths to a generation-evaluation cycle imposes a static use of paths and of sampling techniques. The path manipulation algorithm harnesses the potential of the sampling techniques to supplant the static manipulation of paths with a generation-evaluation-reuse cycle. An intra-subpath connectivity strategy was devised to reconnect the segregated chains of the subpaths invalidated by the scene alterations. Successful intra-subpath connections generate subpaths in multiple pieces by reusing subpath chains from prior frames. Subpaths are reconstructed generically, regardless of the subpath or scene dynamism type and without the need for predefined animation paths. The result is the extension of bidirectional path tracing to the temporal domain.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Eng.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available