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Title: Advanced optical fibre grating sensors for biochemical applications
Author: Liu, Chen
ISNI:       0000 0004 7659 6840
Awarding Body: Bangor University
Current Institution: Bangor University
Date of Award: 2019
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This thesis describes a detailed study of advanced fibre optic sensors and their applications for label-free biochemical detection. The major contributions presented in this thesis are summarised below. A self-assembly based in-situ layer-by-layer (i-LbL) or multilayer deposition technique has been developed to deposit the 2D material nanosheets on cylindrical fibre devices. This deposition technique is based on the chemical bonding associated with the physical adsorption, securing high-quality 2D materials coating on specific fibre cylindrical surface with strong adhesion as well as a prospective thickness control. Then a " Photonic-nano-bio configuration", which is bioprobes immobilised 2D-(nano)material deposited fibre grating, was built. 2D material overlay provides a remarkable analytical platform for bio-affinity binding interface due to its exceptional optical and biochemical properties. EDC (1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide) and NHS (NHydroxysuccinimide) were used to immobilise bioprobes. This kind of configuration is considered to have many advantages such as: enhanced RI sensitivity, enrich immobilisation sites, improved binding efficiency, selective detection. Followed by this configuration, several label-free biosensors were developed. For example, graphene oxide coated dual-peak long period grating (GO-dLPG) based immunosensor has been implemented for ultrasensitive detection of antibody/antigen interaction. The GO-LPG based biosensor has been developed for label-free haemoglobin detection. Apart from biosensors, the black phosphorus (BP) integrated tilted fibre grating (TFG) has been proposed, for the first time, as BP-fibre optic chemical sensor for heavy metal (Pb2+ ions) detection, demonstrating ultrahigh sensitivity, lower limit of detection and wider concentration range. Ultrafast laser micromachining technology has been employed to fabricate long period grating (LPG) and microstructures on optical fibre. The ultrafast laser micromachined polymer optical fibre Bragg grating (POFBG) has been developed for humidity sensing, showing the significant improvement with the reduced response time.
Supervisor: Chen, Xianfeng Sponsor: Ser Cymru National Research Network in Advanced Engineering and Materials (NRNF66 NRN113)
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Fibre grating ; optical fibre sensor ; label-free biosensor ; 2D materials