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Title: School-based primary prevention programmes : outcomes and the factors that affect their success
Author: Stewart, Jessica
ISNI:       0000 0004 7659 6250
Awarding Body: Bangor University
Current Institution: Bangor University
Date of Award: 2018
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This thesis explores the use of universal, prevention programmes in primary schools. A systematic literature review examined the effectiveness of universally targeted, schoolbased body-image programmes in children under 12. The review highlighted that approximately half of programmes were successful in reducing body dissatisfaction or improving body satisfaction. Improvements in other associated risk factors were also found. Not all results were maintained at follow-up and the longer-term impact of such programmes was not clear. There were also several methodological concerns that must be considered. An empirical study investigated the use of a bullying programme, KiVa, in Welsh primary schools and the school-level factors that predict outcomes. A mixed-methods approach was used with analysis of pupil survey data and interviews with school staff. KiVa was found to have a positive impact on bullying behaviour which continued as years progressed. School level free-school meal percentage as a proxy for socio-economic deprivation and additional learning needs were found to be predictive of KiVa outcome. Teachers also discussed several within school-factors that they felt affected implementation. The final chapter discusses the implication of the findings for future research and clinical application in relation to other research. Recommendations are made for how schoolbased programmes may be successful implemented within primary schools. Finally, a personal reflection of the research process is considered.
Supervisor: Saville, Christopher ; Evans, Sue ; Hutchings, Judith Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Body image ; schools ; children ; prevention