Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.767355
Title: Instability in high-dimensional chaotic systems
Author: Carlu, Mallory
ISNI:       0000 0004 7659 1070
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2019
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Abstract:
In this thesis I make extensive use of the Lyapunov analysis formalism to unravel fundamental mechanisms of instability in two different systems : the Kuramoto model of globally coupled phase-oscillators and the Lorenz 96 (L96) atmospheric "toy" model, portraying the evolution of a physical quantity along a latitude circle. I start by introducing the relevant theoretical background, with special attention on the main tools I have been using throughout this work : Lyapunov Exponents (LEs), which quantify the asymptotic growth rates of infinitesimal perturbations in a system, and by extension, its degree of chaoticity, and Covariant Lyapunov Vectors (CLVs), which indicate the phase space direction (or the geometry) associated with these growth rates. The Kuramoto model is central in the study of synchronization among oscillatory units characterized by their various natural frequencies, but little is known on its chaotic dynamics in the unsynchronized state. I thus investigate the scaling behavior of the first LE, upon different assumptions on the natural frequencies, and make use of educated structural simplifications to analyze the origin of chaos in the finite size model. On the other hand, the L96 model has been devised to gather the main dynamical ingredients of atmospheric dynamics, namely advection, damping, external (solar) forcing and transfers across different scales of motion, in a minimalist and functional way. It features two coupled dynamical layers : the large scale variables, representing synoptic scale atmospheric dynamics, and the small scale variables, faster and more numerous, associated with convective scale dynamics. The core of the study revolves around geometrical properties of CLVs, in the aim of understanding the processes underlying the observed multiscale chaoticity, and an exhaustive study of a non-trivial ensemble of CLVs featuring relevant projection on the slow subspace.
Supervisor: Politi, Antonio ; Ginelli, Francesco Sponsor: University of Aberdeen
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.767355  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Chaotic behavior in systems ; Dynamics ; Stability ; Lyapunov exponents
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