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Title: Structural stability, dynamics and unfolding of 7-transmembrane helical receptors
Author: Mitchell, James
ISNI:       0000 0004 7658 0259
Awarding Body: University of Warwick
Current Institution: University of Warwick
Date of Award: 2018
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The dynamics of membrane proteins is an understudied area due to the difficulties in production and manipulation of samples. Interactions of the G-protein coupled receptor, rhodopsin, with an allosteric reagent were systematically investigated through absorbance spectroscopy. Folding mechanisms in particular are not understood for membrane proteins, due to the fact that even partial unfolding often leads to aggregation. There are few model systems for exploring membrane protein folding, but methods for obtaining large quantities of non-aggregating unfolded states of rhodopsin have previously been established. In this thesis the previous work establishing rhodopsin as a model system was extended with the use of isotope labelled methionines for NMR spectroscopy of unfolded states. The misfolding rhodopsin mutant, P23H, was compared with wild-type using this system, and found to have significant differences. The same mutant was also found to be destabilised by normally benign cysteine labelling, which has implications for concurrent research. The first membrane protein to have been fully unfolded and refolded is bacteriorhodopsin, to which sensory rhodopsin II (pSRII) is an analogue. Computational work suggests that pSRII has a folding mechanism somewhat like both bacteriorhodopsin and rhodopsin. The kinetics of unfolding and refolding pSRII were established using experiments with low sample requirements, and thoroughly analysed. Several analytical methods were applied to find underlying processes in unfolded states, revealed through NMR spectroscopy.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QP Physiology