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Title: The right to sanitation in India : a multi-faceted right in search of a comprehensive framework
Author: Koonan, Sujith
ISNI:       0000 0004 7656 0020
Awarding Body: SOAS University of London
Current Institution: SOAS, University of London
Date of Award: 2018
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Sanitation scenario in India is far from satisfactory. Improper disposal of waste, widespread open defecation, violence against women in the context of defecation, manual scavenging and violation of the rights of sanitation workers are some of the critical issues in this regard. The absence of, or inadequate, sanitation adversely affects human dignity, realisation of a number of human rights such as the rights to health, water, environment and education, and it disproportionately affects the poor and the marginalised sections of the society. These situations lead to and necessitate the emergence of the right to sanitation. The right to sanitation has been recognised in the Constitution of India. There are also statutes that are relevant in the right to sanitation context. In addition to that, the policy framework plays a key role in the implementation and regulation of sanitation interventions. In this context, this thesis examines the nature and scope of the right to sanitation as recognised in the Constitution of India and carries out a mapping of the existing statutory and policy framework governing the realisation of the right. There are a number of social and cultural factors that influence or determine the conceptualisation and implementation of the right to sanitation. In this context, this thesis critically analyses the realisation of the right to sanitation from four perspectives - gender, environment, caste and labour. Overall, this thesis presents a comprehensive conceptual framework for the right to sanitation in India that takes into consideration all the relevant dimensions of the right including dimensions that are specific to the Indian context such as manual scavenging and unpacks some of the key factors that pose challenges for a holistic understanding of the right and its realisation.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral