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Title: Investigation of Marangoni condensation of binary mixtures
Author: Jivani, Saqib Raza
ISNI:       0000 0004 7654 1209
Awarding Body: Queen Mary University of London
Current Institution: Queen Mary, University of London
Date of Award: 2018
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It is a well-known phenomenon that during Marangoni condensation of binary mixtures, a small concentration of more volatile constituent with smaller surface tension gives significant heat transfer enhancements. This is due to surface tension gradients causing instability in condensate film, resulting in a pseudo-dropwise mode of condensation which resembles closely to dropwise condensation of pure fluid on the hydrophobic surface, consequently, the film gets thinner with lower thermal resistance across the condensate film and thus higher heat transfer coefficient is achieved. Marangoni condensation of steam-ethanol mixtures has been widely investigated in the past. However, Marangoni condensation of self-rewetting fluids e.g. steam-butanol is yet to be investigated where the constituent in a small concentration is a less volatile component. Marangoni condensation of steam-ethanol, steam-butanol and steam-propanol mixtures has been investigated on a horizontal smooth tube at an atmospheric pressure. For all experiments, concentrations by mass in the boiler feed when cold prior to start of the experiment were 0.001%, 0.005%, 0.01%, 0.025%, 0.05%, 0.1%, 0.5% and 1.0%. The coolant temperature rise was measured accurately with a ten-junction thermopile. Tube wall temperature was measured using four thermocouples embedded in the test tube wall. Effects of pressure and vapour velocity over a wide range of vapour-to-surface temperature difference have been investigated. Care was taken to avoid error due to the presence of air in the vapour. Marangoni condensation of steam-butanol and steam propanol mixtures show significant heat transfer enhancements compared with that of steam-ethanol mixtures. Higher Heat flux and heat-transfer coefficients were observed. For the steam-ethanol mixtures, enhancement ratio (heat flux or heat-transfer coefficient divided by the corresponding value for pure steam condensation on a horizontal smooth tube for the same vapour-to-surface temperature difference and vapour velocity) of 5.5 was found at an ethanol concentration of 0.01%. For steam-butanol mixtures, the maximum enhancement ratio was found to be 11 at a concentration of 0.005% and 0.01%. For steam-propanol mixtures, the maximum enhancement ratio of 8.5 was found at the same mass concentrations as steam-butanol mixtures. Enhancement ratio was generally higher at lower ethanol concentrations, increases at first with increasing vapour-to-surface temperature difference and subsequently decreases at high vapour-to-surface temperature difference. Finally, a semi-empirical model was proposed to predict the Marangoni condensation of steam-ethanol mixtures based on the vapour phase diffusion theory of Sparrow and Marchall (1969) and pure steam dropwise theory of Rose (2002).
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Engineering and Materials Science ; Marangoni condensation ; heat transfer