Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Mechanisms of deformation and energy dissipation in antler and arthropod cuticle with bio-inspired investigations
Author: de Falco, Paolino
ISNI:       0000 0004 7654 1049
Awarding Body: Queen Mary University of London
Current Institution: Queen Mary, University of London
Date of Award: 2018
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
Bio-composite hierarchical materials have attracted the interest of the academic community operating in the field of bio-inspired materials for their outstanding mechanical properties achieved via lightweight structural designs. Antler and mantis shrimp's cuticle are extreme examples of materials naturally optimised to resist impacts and bear dynamic loading. Firstly, a class of finite-element fibril models was developed to explain the origin of heterogeneous fibrillar deformation and hysteresis from the nanostructure of antler. Results were compared to synchrotron X-ray data and demonstrated that the key structural motif enabling a match to experimental data is an axially staggered arrangement of stiff mineralised collagen fibrils coupled with weak, damageable interfibrillar interfaces. Secondly, the cuticle of the crustacean Odontodactylus scyllarus, known as peacock mantis shrimp, was investigated. At the nanoscale it consists of mineralised chitin fibres and calcified protein matrix, which form plywood layers at the microscale. Lamination theory was used to calculate fibrillar deformation and reorientation and, in addition, an analytical formulation was used to decouple in-plane fibre reorientation from diffraction intensity changes induced by 3D lamellae tilting. This animal also attracted my attention for using its hammer-like appendages to attack and destroy the shells of prey with a sequence of two strikes. Inspired by this double impact strategy, I performed a set of parametric finite-element simulations of single, double and triple mechanical hits, to compute the damage energy of the target. My results reveal that the crustacean attack strategy has the most damaging effect among the double impact cases, and lead me to hypothesise, that optimal damaging dynamics exists, depending on the sequence of consecutive impacts and on their time separation values. These new insights may provide useful indications for the design of bio-inspired materials for high load-bearing applications.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Engineering and Materials Science ; Mechanical Engineering ; Bio-composite materials ; high load-bearing applications