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Title: Reduced sensitivity of Genotype 3 hepatitis C virus to direct acting antivirals
Author: Wing, Peter Alexander Cornelius
ISNI:       0000 0004 7653 9117
Awarding Body: Queen Mary University of London
Current Institution: Queen Mary, University of London
Date of Award: 2018
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Sofosbuvir is a uridine based nucleotide inhibitor of the hepatitis C viral (HCV) polymerase that is the backbone of many treatment regimens. In combination with drugs targeting other viral enzymes (including the poorly potent guanosine analogue ribavirin or highly potent inhibitors of viral NS5A or protease) most patients clear virus and resistance to sofosbuvir is rare, allowing effective retreatment with sofosbuvir. Patients with Genotype 3 HCV respond less well than other genotypes and response is reduced in those previously exposed to interferon. Here we show that patientderived virus from patients with Genotype 3 HCV who relapse to sofosbuvir-based therapies have a reduced sensitivity to SOF in an in-vitro phenotyping assay. Analysis of viral sequencing data revealed two distinct polymorphisms (A150V and K206E) in the HCV polymerase that are associated with treatment failure and in-vitro; they reduce sofosbuvir sensitivity against genotype 3 hepatitis C virions. However both polymorphisms modify the cellular response to type I interferon and in cells lacking response to interferon the impact on sofosbuvir sensitivity is minimal. The A150V polymorphism reduces the response to interferon 70 fold whereas the K206E substitution has minimal effects on interferon in isolation but in combination with A150V reduces the response 100 fold. Preliminary data indicates that the A150V polymorphism interferes with the late response to type I interferons enabling the virus to overcome the induction of interferon-stimulated genes. These data indicate a complex interaction between direct acting antiviral drugs and the innate antiviral response.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: HEPATITIS C VIRUS ; Antivirals ; sofosbuvir ; Genotype 3 HCV