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Title: Assurance, provision, management and enhancement of QoS in 5G communication networks
Author: Al-Shammari, Basim Khalaf Jarullah
ISNI:       0000 0004 7658 7688
Awarding Body: Brunel University London
Current Institution: Brunel University
Date of Award: 2018
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Enhancement of QoS in PS network as 5G communication network is non trivial endeavour which faces a host of new challenges beyond 3G and 4G communication networks. The number of nodes, the homogeneity of the access technologies, the conflicting network management objectives, resource usage minimization, and the division between limited physical resources and elastic virtual resources is driving a complete change in the vision and methodologies for efficient management of the available network resources. QoS is the measure of the reliability and performance of the networks' nodes and links, particularly as perceived by the end users of the services and application that are transported via PS network. Furthermore, QoS is a composite metric as it based on a number of multiple factors, which indicate the E2E characteristics and performance of the network condition, applications and services. Hence, reductions or improvements in the QoS level can brought about through a number of combined factors. This thesis tries to introduce a vision of Quality of Service (QoS) enhancement and management based on the 5th generation network requirements and solutions by: Firstly: Proposing a traffic flow management policy, which allocates and organises Machine Type Communication (MTC) traffic flow's network resources sharing within Evolved Packet System (EPS), with an access element as a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) gateway for providing an overlaying access channel between the Machine Type Devices (MTDs) and EPS. This proposal addresses the effect and interaction in the heterogeneity of applications, services and terminal devices and the related QoS issues among them. The introduced work in this proposal overcomes the problems of network resource starvation by preventing deterioration of network performance. The scheme is validated through simulation, which indicates the proposed traffic flow management policy outperforms the current traffic management policy. Specifically, simulation results show that the proposed model achieves an enhancement in QoS performance for the MTC traffic flows, including a decrease of 99.45% in Packet Loss Rate (PLR), a decrease of 99.89% in packet End to End (E2E) delay, a decrease of 99.21% in Packet Delay Variation (PDV). Furthermore, it retains the perceived Quality of Experience (QoE) of the real time application users within high satisfaction levels, such as the Voice over Long Term Evolution (VoLTE) service possessing a Mean Opinion Score (MOS)of 4.349 and enhancing the QoS of a video conference service within the standardised values of a 3GPP body, with a decrease of 85.28% in PLR, a decrease of 85% in packet E2E delay and a decrease of 88.5% in PDV. Secondly: Proposing an approach for allocating existing 4G installed network radio access nodes to multiple Base Band Unit (BBU) pools, which is proposed to deploy 5G Cloud-Radio Access Network (C-RAN) and improve the offered Network QoS (NQoS). The proposed approach involves performing radio access nodes clustering based on the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm, model selection Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC), Measure of spread technique and Voronoi tessellation. The proposed scheme is used to consider a Dynamic C-RAN (DC-RAN) operation, that adaptively adjusts the main Radio Remote Head (RRH) coverage range according to the traffic load requirement as well as considering energy saving. The numerical results of the approach show that the optimized partition of the proposed network model is 41 BBU pools, with an average density of RRHs per pool area, which matches the primary average density of the radio access nodes per network area. Thirdly: Developing mathematical framework that investigates the Power Consumption (PC) profile for the interaction of Internet of Thing (IoT) Application QoS (AQoS) with NQoS in wireless Software Defined Network (SDN) as SDN for WIreless SEnsor network (SDN-WISE). This profile model offers flexibility for managing the structure of the Machine to Machine (M2M) system in IoT. It enables controlling the provided NQoS, precisely the achieved PHY layer transmission link throughput, combined with the AQoS, represented by IoT data stream payload size. The investigation is composed of two essential SDN traffic parts, they are control plane signalling and data plane traffic PCs and their relevance with QoS. The results show that 98% PC in data plane companion with a control plane PC of 2% in overall of the proposed system power, these figures were achieved with control plane signalling Transmission Time Interval (TTI) of 5 sec and a maximum data plane payload size of 92 Bytes as a worst case scenario.
Supervisor: Al-Raweshidy, H. ; Nilavalan, R. Sponsor: Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research (MOHESR) ; Cultural Attache ; University of Wasit in Iraq
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: IoT traffic management ; C-RAN deployment ; SDN Power Model ; AQoS & NQoS interaction