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Title: Experimental study of a Miller cycle based approach for an efficient boosted downsized gasoline Di engine
Author: Li, Yuanping
ISNI:       0000 0004 7658 7418
Awarding Body: Brunel University London
Current Institution: Brunel University
Date of Award: 2018
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Driven by the strict fuel consumption and CO2 legislations in Europe and many countries, various technologies have been developed to improve the fuel economy of conventional internal combustion engines. Gasoline engine downsizing has become a popular and effective approach to reduce fleet CO2 emissions of passenger cars. This is typically achieved in the form of boosted direct injection gasoline engines equipped with variable valve timing devices. Downsized gasoline engines reduce vehicle fuel consumption by making engine operate more at higher load to reduce pumping losses and also through reducing total engine friction losses. However, their compression ratio (CR) and efficiency are constrained by knocking combustion as well as the low speed pre-ignition phenomena. Miller cycle is typically achieved in an engine with reduced effective CR through Early Intake Valve Closure (EIVC) or Later Intake Valve Closure (LIVC). This technology has been adopted on modern gasoline engines to reduce in-cylinder charge temperature and enable a higher geometric CR to be used for better fuel economy. The present work investigated the effectiveness and underlying process of a Miller cycle based approach for improving fuel consumption of a boosted downsized gasoline engine. A single cylinder direct injection gasoline engine and the testing facilities were set up and used for extensive engine experiments. Both EIVC and LIVC approaches were tested and compared to the conventional Otto cycle operation with a standard cam profile. Synergy between Miller cycle valve timings and different valve overlap period was analysed. Two pistons with different CRs were used in the Miller cycle engine testing to enable its full potential to be evaluated. The experimental study was carried out in a large engine operation area from idle to up to 4000rpm and 25.6bar NIMEP to determine the optimal Miller cycle strategy for improved engine fuel economy in real applications. In addition, the increased exhaust back pressure and friction losses corresponding to real world boosting devices were calculated to evaluate Miller cycle benefits at high loads in a production engine. The results have shown that EIVC combined with high CR can offer up to 11% reduction of fuel consumption in a downsized gasoline engine with simple setup and control strategy. At the end, this thesis presents an Miller cycle based approach for maximising fuel conversion efficiency of a gasoline engine by combining three-stage cam profiles switching and two-stage variable compression ratio.
Supervisor: Zhao, H. ; Megaritis, A. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Atkinson Miller ; Fuel Consumption ; VVL Variable Valve Lift ; Turbocharging ; Combustion Analysis