Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.764980
Title: An investigation into the mechanisms of acute effects of dynamic stretching on ankle joint mechanics and running economy
Author: Pamboris, George Michael
ISNI:       0000 0004 7658 6052
Awarding Body: Brunel University London
Current Institution: Brunel University
Date of Award: 2018
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Abstract:
Warm-up routines commonly include stretching to increase flexibility (joint range of motion - ROM), optimise performance, and reduce the risk of injury. Literature suggests that static stretching as part of the warm-up routines decreases force and power production compared to an active warm-up or a warm-up including dynamic stretching, and therefore could be detrimental to performance. This has led to an increased interest in the use of dynamic stretching by many athletes while the benefits of such interventions and their potential mechanisms of action are not well understood. Studies presented in this thesis were conducted to examine the effects of acute dynamic stretching on aspects of performance (e.g. torque production capacity of the plantarflexors and running economy) and to identify possible neuromechanical mechanisms underpinning any potential changes. Furthermore, we attempted to examine whether altered pain tolerance/perception to stretch may be a contributing factor to the increased ROM using adaptations in the neural substrates involved by using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) technique. In the first study, both slow dynamic stretching and fast dynamic stretching increased ROM, and this was due to an increased tendon elongation. Importantly, dynamic stretching was not detrimental to the torque producing capacity of the ankle plantarflexors. Effects of dynamic stretching on the sensorimotor performance remained mainly unclear. Employment of shear wave elastography technique in the second study suggested an increase in muscle stiffness, a decrease in fascicle strain, and showed an increase in muscle thickness after dynamic stretching, supporting an increase in tendon compliance as a contributing factor to increased flexibility after dynamic stretching. In the third study, the improved running economy by dynamic stretching may be attributable to the decreased dynamic joint ankle and vertical stiffness. The fMRI study was not conclusive due to methodological issues. Present findings have practical implications for the use of dynamic stretching in sporting contexts.
Supervisor: Mohagheghi, A. ; Baltzopoulos, V. ; Noorkoiv, M. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.764980  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Dynamic stretching ; Dynamometry ; Muscle ; Tendon ; Ultrasonography
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