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Title: A super-capacitor based energy storage for quick variation in stand-alone PV systems
Author: Sehil, Khaled
ISNI:       0000 0004 7658 5826
Awarding Body: Brunel University London
Current Institution: Brunel University
Date of Award: 2018
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Photovoltaic (PV) system is one of the most prominent energy sources, producing electricity directly from sunlight. In additionally, it is easy to install and is supported financially by many governments as part of their strategy to reduce CO2 gas emissions, and to achieve their agreed set of reduction targets by 2020. In the meantime, researchers have been working on the PV system to make it more efficient, easy to maintain, reliable to use and cost effective. In the stand-alone PV system, a battery is required. This is due to the fluctuating nature of the output energy delivered by the PV arrays owing to the weather conditions and the unpredictable behaviour of uses with regard to the consumption of energy. During the hours of sunshine, the PV system is directly feeding the load and any surplus electrical energy is stored in the battery at a constant current. During the night, or during a period of low solar irradiation, the energy is supplied to the load from the battery. However, the stand-alone PV system is designed to provide an acceptable balance between reliability and cost, which is a major challenge to the designer owing to the approaches used to size the PV arrays and the battery bank. As a result, the unpredictable, quick daily changes on the PV output is not dependable. Moreover, battery performance, length of life and energy efficiency depends on the rate at which it is discharged. Therefore, it is essential to use other methods to deal with any quick variation in energy. In this thesis, a super capacitor is used to solve this problem, as it can deal with the fast-changing weather, or a rapid variation in the energy requirements of the customer. A critical evaluation with in-depth analysis of the placement and the implementation for the super-capacitor in the PV standalone system has been carried out. The results show, super-capacitor capacitance and the converter efficiency affect the delivered load energy. However, the bi-directional topology performs better than uni-directional under the same conditions. Finally, a further improvement of the system at component level, has been developed through an energy recovery snubber for the switching transition and achieved a recovery of energy for the resistive load, 94.44% for the turn on transition and 92.86% for the turn off transition. Moreover, for the inductive load, 78.33% and 97.33% of energy has been recovered for the turn on and for the turn off transition respectively.
Supervisor: Darwish, M. ; Rawn, B. Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Energy recovery snubber in boost converter ; Reducing switching losses ; Recover the switching energy ; Energy storage in power system