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Title: Intelligent Control for distillation columns
Author: Al-Dunainawi, Yousif Khalaf Yousif
ISNI:       0000 0004 7658 1606
Awarding Body: Brunel University London
Current Institution: Brunel University
Date of Award: 2017
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Nowadays, industrial processes are having to be rapidly developed to meet high standards regarding increases in the production rate and/or improving product quality. Fulfilling these requirements is having to work in tandem with the pressure to reduce energy consumption due to global environmental regulations. Consequently, most industrial processes critically rely on automatic control, which can provide efficient solutions to meet such challenges and prerequisites. For this thesis, an intelligent system design has been investigated for controlling the distillation process, which is characterised by highly nonlinear and dynamic behaviour. These features raise very challenging tasks for control systems designers. Fuzzy logic and artificial neural networks (ANNs) are the main methods used in this study to design different controllers, namely: PI- PD- and PID-like fuzzy controllers, ANN-based NARMAL2 in addition to a conventional PID controller for comparison purposes. Genetic algorithm (GA) and particle swarm optimisation (PSO) have also been utilised to tune fuzzy controllers by finding the best set of scaling factors. Finally, an intelligent controller is proposed, called ANFIS-based NARMA-L2, which uses ANFIS as an approximation approach for identifying the underlying systems in a NARMA-L2 configuration. The controllers are applied to control two compositions of a binary distillation column, which has been modelled and simulated in MATLAB® and on the Simulink® platform. Comparative analysis has been undertaken to investigate the controllers' performance, which shows that PID-like FLC outperforms the other tested fuzzy control configurations, i.e. PI- and PD-like. Moreover, PSO has been found to outperform GA in finding the best set of scaling factors and over a shorter time period. Subsequently, the performance of PID-like FLC has been compared with ANN-based NARMA-L2 and the proposed ANFIS-based NARMA-L2, by subjecting the controlled column to different test scenarios. Furthermore, the stability and robustness of the controllers have been assessed by subjecting the controlled column to inputs variance and disturbances situations. The proposed ANFIS-based NARMAL2 controller outperforms and demonstrates more tolerance of disturbances than the other controllers. Finally, the study has involved investigating the control of a multicomponent distillation column due to its significant enhancement in operational efficiency regarding energy saving and recent widespread implementation. That is, Kaibel's distillation column with 4×4 configuration has been simulated also in MATLAB® and on the Simulink® platform with the proposed controller being implemented to control the temperatures of the column and the outcomes subsequently compared with conventional PID controllers. Again, the novel controller has proven its superiority regarding the disturbances tolerance as well as dealing with the high dynamics and nonlinear behaviour.
Supervisor: Abbod, M. Sponsor: Iraqi Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research (Iraqi Cultural Attaché in London)
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Intelligent control ; Anfis ; Narma-L2 ; Distillation columns ; Optimisation