Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.764769
Title: Acoustic pulse reflectometry for potential industrial applications
Author: Aldughayem, Omar
ISNI:       0000 0004 7657 9629
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2019
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Abstract:
The goal of this thesis was to investigate improvements that could be made to Acoustic Pulse Reflectometry APR for potential industrial uses with an emphasis on natural gas distribution networks. A typical APR system's range is limited by overlap of acoustic signals that is a result of short source tubes. An experimental rig was constructed to perform a comparative study of wave separation techniques and to develop a novel absorbing termination technique to remove overlap effects in real-time. A measure known as separation index (SI) was used to assess the quality of wave separation for two different multi-microphone algorithms. The results indicated that pair selection frequency domain wave separation algorithms, used with 100 coefficient adaptive least mean square (ALMS) identified inter-microphone transfer functions provide a separation quality of up to -62.2dB. Also, results show that time domain wave separation techniques are as robust as established frequency domain techniques. In addition, a novel method termed active absorbing termination was developed to remove source reflections in real-time. This method was presented and tested using a modified version of SI called the Absorption Index. The results showed that source reflections can be removed in real-time within a single measurement which was not possible in previous works.
Supervisor: Watson, Simon ; Lennox, Barry Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.764769  DOI: Not available
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