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Title: Structure and reactivity of low-coordinate first-row transition metal complexes
Author: Hemming, Oliver
ISNI:       0000 0004 7657 3833
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2018
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Earth-abundant first-row transition metals have seen a renaissance in chemistry in recent years due to their relatively low toxicity and cost in comparison to precious metals. Furthermore open-shell transition metal complexes exhibit useful one-electron redox processes which contrasts to their heavier d block anologues. This thesis aims to synthesize and analyse the structure and reactivity of low-coordiante first-row transition metal complexes of from groups 7-9 with an aim to utilize these species in catalysis. The divalent compound [Co{N(SiMe3)2}2] reacts with the primary phosphines PhPH2 in the presence of an NHC ligand (IMe4) to yield the phosphinidene bridged dimer [(IMe4)2Co(µ-PMes)]2. The complex has interesting magnetic properties due to strong antiferromagnetic coupling between the two cobalt(II) centres. Increasing the steric bulk of the NHC yielded carbene-phosphinidene adducts (NHC·PAr). This transformation was shown to be catalytic. The structure and reactivity of complexes of the type [(NHC)xMn{(N(SiMe3)2}2] were investigated. The complexes exhibit similar structural properties to their iron and cobalt analogues; however their reactivity has been shown to differ. The addition of primary phosphines to complexes of the type [(NHC)xMn{N(SiMe3)2}2] yielded a range of manganese phosphide complexes. [Mn{N(SiMe3)2}2] also reacts with imidazolium salts at elevated temperatures to yield heteroleptic manganese NHC complexes. The reaction of [Mn{N(SiMe3)2}2] with IPr·HCl afforded the abnormal carbene complex [(aIPr)Mn{N(SiMe3)2}µ-Cl]2. A new monoanionic bidentate ligand is reported which has shown to be a useful ligand system to stabilize three-coordiante iron(II) complex. The reaction of [(L)Fe(Br)] with mesitylmagnesium Grignard or n-butyllithium yield the iron hydrocarbyls [(L)Fe(Mes)] and [(L)Fe(nBu)] with the latter being stable to β-hydrogen elimination. Finally [(L)Fe(nBu)] has been utilized as a pre-catalyst in the hydrophosphination of internal alkynes, showing selectivity for the E-isomeric vinylphosphine.
Supervisor: Leigh, David Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Phosphinidene ; Transition metal complexes ; Phosphide ; Hydrophosphination ; Catalysis ; Cobalt ; NHC ; N-Heterocyclic carbene ; Manganese ; Iron ; Low-coordinate