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Title: Assessing the feasibility of encapsulating spent fuel particles (TRISO) and ion exchange resins in borosilicate glass
Author: Bari, Klaudio
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2013
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A safe treatment and disposal of spent Tri-Structural Isotropic (TRISO) coated fuel particles is one of the most important issues for developing the next generation of nuclear reactors, such as a Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR). The project investigates the encapsulation of surrogated TRISO particles in Glass-Graphite Composite (GGC) and in Alumina Borosilicate Glass (ALBG) and compares their geological performance in the repository. The study deals with the assessment and performance of both matrices in a geological repository's conditions, measuring their chemical durability for 28 days at temperatures ranging 25-90°C and using American Standard for Testing Material (ASTM-C1220-98). The leach test revealed that only sintered ALBG with TRISO particles doped in cesium oxide could provide a safe Engineering Barrier System (EBS). The thermal property of the matrices was examined by measuring their thermal diffusivities. The thermal diffusivity of ALBG bearing various proportions of TRISO particles was measured experimentally using Laser Flash Analysis (LFA). The experimental results validated through a numerical method using Image Based Modelling (IBM). The effect of the porosity in decreasing the thermal diffusivity of TRISO particles was also discussed. In addition, the study deals with the immobilisation of ion exchange resins (doped with radioactive and non-radioactive cesium and cobalt) in borosilicate glass. The thermal analysis revealed that a successful immobilisation could be achieved once the sulfur functional group in the resin was decomposed and evaporated in a form of SO2/SO. The minimum required temperature of the heat treatment was 500°C under air environment as a pre-conditioning stage before immobilisation.
Supervisor: Xiao, Ping Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: nuclear waste management ; TRISO particles