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Title: Nonparametric methods in financial time series analysis
Author: Hong, Seok Young
ISNI:       0000 0004 7652 0256
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 2018
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The fundamental objective of the analysis of financial time series is to unveil the random mechanism, i.e. the probability law, underlying financial data. The effort to identify the truth that governs the observations involves proposing and estimating reasonable statistical models that well explain the empirical features of data. This thesis develops some new nonparametric tools that can be exploited in this context; the efficacy and validity of their use are supported by computational advancements and surging availability of large/complex (`big') data sets. Chapter 1 investigates the conditional first moment properties of financial returns. We propose multivariate extensions of the popular Variance Ratio (VR) statistic, aiming to test linear predictability of returns and weak-form market efficiency. We construct asymptotic distribution theories for the statistics and scalar functions thereof under the null hypothesis of no predictability. The imposed assumptions are weaker than those widely adopted in the literature, and in our view more credible with regard to the underlying data generating process we expect for stock returns. It is also shown that the limit theories can be extended to the long horizon and large dimension cases, and also to allow for a time varying risk premium. Our methods are applied to CRSP weekly returns from 1962 to 2013; the joint tests of the multivariate hypothesis reject the null at the 1% level for all horizons considered. Chapter 2 is about nonparametric estimation of conditional moments. We propose a local constant type estimator that operates with an infinite number of conditioning variables; this enables a direct estimation of many objects of econometric interest that have dependence upon the infinite past. We show pointwise and uniform consistency of the estimator and establish its asymptotic nomality in various static and dynamic regressions context. The optimal rate of estimation turns out to be of logarithmic order, and the precise rate depends on the Lambert W function, the smoothness of the regression operator and the dependence of the data in a non-trivial way. The theories are applied to investigate the intertemporal risk-return relation for the aggregate stock market. We report an overall positive risk-return relation on the S&P 500 daily data from 1950-2017, and find evidence of strong time variation and counter-cyclical behaviour in risk aversion. Lastly, Chapter 3 concerns nonparametric volatility estimation with high frequency time series. While data observed at finer time scale than daily provide rich information, their distinctive empirical properties bring new challenges in their analysis. We propose a Fourier domain based estimator for multivariate ex-post volatility that is robust to two major hurdles in high frequency finance: asynchronicity in observations and the presence of microstructure noise. Asymptotic properties are derived under some mild conditions. Simulation studies show our method outperforms time domain estimators when two assets with different liquidity are traded asynchronously.
Supervisor: Linton, Oliver Sponsor: ERC ; Keynes Fund
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Financial Econometrics ; Time Series Analysis ; Nonparametric Methods