Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Kinetic studies on the two-phase nitration of chlorobenzene and toluene
Author: Cox, Philip R.
Awarding Body: Loughborough University of Technology
Current Institution: Loughborough University
Date of Award: 1971
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
The rate of nitration of chlorobenzene and toluene by mixed acid has been studied in a small batch reactor. The rate of nitration of chlorobenzene was studied in both homogeneous and two-phase systems. Measurement of the solubility of chlorobenzene in aqueous sulphuric acid enabled an excellent correlation to be obtained between the single- and two-phase rate data. In this way kinetic control of the two-phase reaction rate was demonstrated. An identical system was used to study the rate of nitration of toluene in a chlorobenzene solution. The experimental results showed that under these conditions, the mass transfer and kinetic rates were competing for control of the overall reaction rate. A novel method of plotting the experimental data enabled values of the volumetric mass transfer coefficient and the homogeneous second order rate constant to be obtained.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Hickson and Welch Ltd
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available