Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.763259
Title: Measuring outcomes from a peer-led social communication skills intervention for adults following acquired brain injury
Author: Howell, Susan
ISNI:       0000 0004 7660 8493
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2018
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Full text unavailable from EThOS. Please try the link below.
Access from Institution:
Abstract:
Background: Reduced social competence and social integration following acquired brain injury (ABI) is well-documented. There is evidence that group social communication interventions for people with ABI and training for neuro-typical communication partners can be more effective than training the person with ABI alone. This study explores the effectiveness of a peer-led group intervention based on claims that peer models are a more powerful mechanism for learning and behaviour change than interventions led by a clinician. A peer-led training model for social communication has not previously been tested in ABI. Method: Twenty-four participants with severe ABI were recruited from a residential post-acute neurorehabilitation centre. An experimental parallel group design was used to compare a peer-led group intervention to a social activity group (usual care). A pilot study tested the feasibility of the approach followed by a main study. The groups ran for 8 weeks. A peer facilitator was trained in sixteen individual sessions over 4 weeks with a clinician. Behaviour was measured twice at baseline, after intervention and at maintenance. Four primary outcome measures, including the Adapted Measure of Participation in Conversation (MPC), and a newly devised measure of conversational interaction evaluated change in group communication behaviours. Results: Groups did not differ in baseline behaviour. There were significant differences in the treated group on the MPC and the measure of conversational interaction post-intervention. The treated group showed a more balanced interaction post-intervention and at follow-up. However, outcome measures showed differential sensitivity. Conclusion: There is preliminary evidence of advantage for peer-led groups in ABI intervention. The new conversational measure shows promise as a method to detect change in group communication behaviour.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.763259  DOI: Not available
Share: