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Title: Narcissism in females : relationships to attitudes towards violence, sexual coercion, and offending behaviour in a non-forensic sample
Author: Blinkhorn, Victoria Jayne
ISNI:       0000 0004 7658 5455
Awarding Body: University of Liverpool
Current Institution: University of Liverpool
Date of Award: 2018
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This thesis aimed to contribute to the very little we know about narcissism in females, specifically concerning attitudes towards violence and actual offending behaviours. Four individual research articles are presented, and taken together, produce a modest contribution to our pre-existing knowledge on female narcissism and criminal attitudes and behaviour. Studies 1 and 2 investigated the relationship between narcissism, sexual coercion, and attitudes to violence with a sample of 329 participants using self-report measures, and study 3 focussed on the link between narcissism and offending behaviour with a sample of 632 participants, all of which were conducted using self-report measures. Study 4 was a lab experiment which investigated the link between narcissism, social exclusion, and attitudes towards violence using 160 participants over 2 individual experiments, adopting both self-report measures and lab-controlled activities on a computer. In summary, the results suggest that narcissistic females are just as likely to engage in sexually coercive behaviour and to have accepting attitudes towards violence as males are. Further, they are also more likely than males to have actually engaged in violent offending behaviour. In study 4, a new research tool, Cyberpass, was created and tested to more effectively study social ostracism in those individuals with high levels of narcissistic traits. All findings demonstrated that maladaptive narcissism (Entitlement/Exploitativeness) is more prevalent in females, specifically when related to sexually coercive behaviour, attitudes towards violence, and a variety of offending behaviours. Overall, the findings from this thesis demonstrate the importance of including females in studies on narcissism, specifically concerning types of offending behaviours and have a number of theoretical and practical implications. For example, the findings support and expand on several well-established theories within the field; the narcissistic reactance theory of rape and sexual coercion, and the threatened egotism ideology. In practice, it could be proposed that narcissism assessment tools should be distributed amongst adolescents to highlight any individuals who may be at risk of committing such acts in the future.
Supervisor: Lyons, Minna ; Almond, Louise Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral