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Title: Have decentralisation and democratisation been effective in promoting an inclusive social protection system in Indonesia? : a comparative case study of the implementation of social protection programmes in Central Java
Author: Wardhana, Dharendra
ISNI:       0000 0004 7656 5219
Awarding Body: King's College London
Current Institution: King's College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2018
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Decentralisation, democratisation, and social protection (SP) are widely regarded as three important endeavours that developing countries ought to pursue. Research has, however, neglected the relationship between these three. An exploration of this interplay is important given that efforts by decentralised governments to expand SP are often unaccompanied by sufficient resources. In the Indonesian context, most local governments struggle to maintain the viability of SP while attempting to garner electoral votes with various entitlement programmes. This thesis addresses this gap in the literature. The thesis asks what mechanisms of decentralisation and democratisation have supported SP effectively. The study uses a mixed method approach and finds the quantitative results to be consistent with the qualitative findings. The finding suggests that being strategically responsive to the needs of the public, local governments tend to expand their SP programmes. The thesis is comprised of three parts. The first concerns the conceptualisation of theoretical and methodological frameworks, underpinned by theories and assumptions in the literature. In the second part, one framework has been utilised to explore the secondary quantitative data sets obtained from the World Bank’s INDO-DAPOER repository and series of annual household surveys (Susenas). These two are followed by an in-depth qualitative exploration of case studies in two selected districts, specifically, Surakarta and Sragen. The thesis contributes to knowledge about SP programmes in democratic settings and their effectiveness in poverty and vulnerability reduction. The findings of the thesis highlight the factors that mediate the development of SP at the implementation level. The study concludes that current fiscal arrangements are susceptible to the fluctuations generated by budget cycles related to elections. The case studies in this thesis corroborate the argument that although the expansion of SP is an important way to reduce poverty and vulnerability, it does not necessarily ensure success in local elections.
Supervisor: Sumner, Andrew Paul ; Boesten, Jelke Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available