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Title: Millimetre-wave radio-over-fibre supported multi-antenna and multi-user transmission
Author: Habib, Usman
ISNI:       0000 0004 7656 0178
Awarding Body: University of Kent
Current Institution: University of Kent
Date of Award: 2018
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In this thesis, various features of the RoF supported mmW communication for future wireless systems have been analysed including photonic generation of mmW for MIMO operation, performance analysis of mmW MIMO to achieve spatial diversity and spatial multiplexing with analog RoF fronthaul, and multi-user transmission in the 60 GHz-band using multiplexing-over-fibre transport and frequency-selective antenna. A low cost mmW generation system for two independent MIMO signals has been presented, consisting of a single optical Phase Modulator (PM). The different aspects of experimental analysis on RoF-supported mmW MIMO in this thesis, which were not considered before, include use of specific MIMO algorithm to understand the amount of improvement in coverage and data rate for a particular MIMO technique, performance comparison with SISO at several user locations, and verification of optimum RAU physical spacing for a particular transmission distance with the theoretical results. The results show that flexible and wider RAU spacings, required to obtain optimum performance in a mmW MIMO system, can be achieved using the proposed analog RoF fronthaul. The investigation was extended to verification of a method to individual measurement of mmW channel coefficients and performing MIMO processing, which shows that mmW channels are relatively static and analysis can be extended to much longer distances and making projections for N×N MIMO. For mmW multi-user transmission, a novel low cost, low complexity system using single RoF link and single RF chain with single transmitting antenna has been presented and characterized, which was based on large number of RF chains and multiple antenna units previously. The setup involves generation and RoF transport of a composite SCM signal, upconversion at the RAU and transmission of different frequency channels towards spatially distributed users using a frequency-selective Leaky-Wave-Antenna (LWA), to convert Frequency Division Multiplexing (FDM) in to Spatial Division Multiple Access (SDMA). Analysis on low user-signal spacing for the SCM shows the feasibility to serve a large number of users within a specific transmission bandwidth and experimental demonstration to achieve sum rate of 10Gb/s is shown by serving 20 users simultaneously. Furthermore, investigation on SNR degradation of high bandwidth signals due to beamsteering effect of the LWA and theoretical calculations of the sum data rate for different number of users is performed, which shows that the proposed system can provide much higher sum rates with high available SNR. It was also experimentally demonstrated that improvement in coverage and spectral efficiency is obtained by operating multiple LWAs using single RF chain. Finally, an experimental demonstration of a DWDM-RoF based 60 GHz multi-user transmission using single LWA is presented to show the feasibility to extend the setup for a multiple RAU based system, serving each at distinct optical wavelength and performing direct photonic upconversion at the RAU for low cost mmW generation.
Supervisor: Gomes, Nathan ; Wang, Chao Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)