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Title: Random neural networks for deep learning
Author: Yin, Yonghua
ISNI:       0000 0004 7655 6427
Awarding Body: University of London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2018
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The random neural network (RNN) is a mathematical model for an 'integrate and fire' spiking network that closely resembles the stochastic behaviour of neurons in mammalian brains. Since its proposal in 1989, there have been numerous investigations into the RNN's applications and learning algorithms. Deep learning (DL) has achieved great success in machine learning, but there has been no research into the properties of the RNN for DL to combine their power. This thesis intends to bridge the gap between RNNs and DL, in order to provide powerful DL tools that are faster, and that can potentially be used with less energy expenditure than existing methods. Based on the RNN function approximator proposed by Gelenbe in 1999, the approximation capability of the RNN is investigated and an efficient classifier is developed. By combining the RNN, DL and non-negative matrix factorisation, new shallow and multi-layer non-negative autoencoders are developed. The autoencoders are tested on typical image datasets and real-world datasets from different domains, and the test results yield the desired high learning accuracy. The concept of dense nuclei/clusters is examined, using RNN theory as a basis. In dense nuclei, neurons may interconnect via soma-to-soma interactions and conventional synaptic connections. A mathematical model of the dense nuclei is proposed and the transfer function can be deduced. A multi-layer architecture of the dense nuclei is constructed for DL, whose value is demonstrated by experiments on multi-channel datasets and server-state classification in cloud servers. A theoretical study into the multi-layer architecture of the standard RNN (MLRNN) for DL is presented. Based on the layer-output analyses, the MLRNN is shown to be a universal function approximator. The effects of the layer number on the learning capability and high-level representation extraction are analysed. A hypothesis for transforming the DL problem into a moment-learning problem is also presented. The power of the standard RNN for DL is investigated. The ability of the RNN with only positive parameters to conduct image convolution operations is demonstrated. The MLRNN equipped with the developed training algorithm achieves comparable or better classification at a lower computation cost than conventional DL methods.
Supervisor: Gelenbe, Erol Sponsor: Imperial College London
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral