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Title: Semiconductor quantum light sources for quantum computing
Author: Nutz, Thomas
ISNI:       0000 0004 7655 4405
Awarding Body: University of London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2018
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Semiconductor quantum dots can be used as sources of entangled single photons, which constitute a crucial resource for optical quantum computing. We present theoretical research on entanglement verification and nuclear spin physics, leading to results that are relevant to both experimental work and the theory of quantum optics and mesoscopic quantum systems. Optical quantum computing requires large entangled photonic states, yet characterizing even few-photon states is a challenge in current experiments due to low photon detection efficiencies. We present a lower bound on a measure of computational usefulness of a potentially large quantum state that requires only measured values of three-photon correlations. Hence this bound provides a simple and applicable benchmarking method for quantum dot experiments. We then turn to the critical issue of the interaction between electron and nuclear spins in quantum dots. This interaction gives rise to decoherence that stands in the way of generating entangled photons as well as nuclear phenomena that might help to overcome this challenge. We formulate a quantum mechanical model of the nuclear spin system in a quantum dot driven by continuous-wave laser light. Based on the analytical steady state solution of this model we predict a novel nuclear spin effect, giving rise to nuclear spin polarization that counteracts the effect of an external magnetic field. Beyond the decoherence problem nuclear spins give rise to randomly time-varying transition energies. A quantum mechanical model of this noise as well as the effect of photon scattering is developed, leading to the insight that optical driving can continuously probe the electron transition energy and thereby prevent it from changing.
Supervisor: Rudolph, Terry Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral