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Title: A new method of wavelength scanning interferometry for inspecting surfaces with multi-side high-sloped facets
Author: Zhang, Tao
ISNI:       0000 0004 7654 8363
Awarding Body: University of Huddersfield
Current Institution: University of Huddersfield
Date of Award: 2018
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With the development of modern advanced manufacturing technologies, the requirements for ultra-precision structured surfaces are increasing rapidly for both high value-added products and scientific research. Examples of the components encompassing the structures include brightness enhancement film (BEF), optical gratings and so forth. Besides, specially designed structured surfaces, namely metamaterials can lead to specified desirable coherence, angular or spatial characteristics that the natural materials do not possess. This promising field attracts a large amount of funding and investments. However, owing to a lack of effective means of inspecting the structured surfaces, the manufacturing process is heavily reliant on the experience of fabrication operators adopting an expensive trial-and-error approach, resulting in high scrap rates up to 50-70% of the manufactured items. Therefore, overcoming this challenge becomes increasingly valuable. The thesis proposes a novel methodology to tackle this challenge by setting up an apparatus encompassing multiple measurement probes to attain the dataset for each facet of the structured surface and then blending the acquired datasets together, based on the relative location of the probes, which is achieved via the system calibration. The method relies on wavelength scanning interferometry (WSI), which can achieve areal measurement with axial resolutions approaching the nanometre without the requirement for the mechanical scanning of either the sample or optics, unlike comparable techniques such as coherence scanning interferometry (CSI). This lack of mechanical scanning opens up the possibility of using a multi-probe optics system to provide simultaneous measurement with multi adjacent fields of view. The thesis presents a proof-of-principle demonstration of a dual-probe wavelength scanning interferometry (DPWSI) system capable of measuring near-right-angle V-groove structures in a single measurement acquisition. The optical system comprises dual probes, with orthogonal measurement planes. For a given probe, a range of V-groove angles is measurable, limited by the acceptance angle of the objective lenses employed. This range can be expanded further by designing equivalent probe heads with varying angular separation. More complicated structured surfaces can be inspected by increasing the number of probes. The fringe analysis algorithms for WSI are discussed in detail, some improvements are proposed, and experimental validation is conducted. The scheme for calibrating the DPSWI system and obtaining the relative location between the probes to achieve the whole topography is implemented and presented in full. The appraisal of the DPWSI system is also carried out using a multi-step diamond-turned specimen and a sawtooth brightness enhancement film (BEF). The results showed that the proposed method could achieve the inspection of the near-right-angle V-groove structures with submicrometre scale vertical resolution and micrometre level lateral resolution.
Supervisor: Gao, Feng ; Haydn, Martin Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: T Technology (General) ; TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)