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Title: The epidemiology of head injury in women in Scottish prisons
Author: Seddon, Eleanor
ISNI:       0000 0004 7653 958X
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 2018
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Introduction: Women in prison (WiP) in Scotland are six times more likely to have a hospitalised head injury (HI) than the general population and have higher relative risk of HI than men in prison. HI is linked to increased violent offending and poorer prison rehabilitation outcomes. This study aimed to explore the epidemiology of HI in WiP and identify any unmet needs. Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional design was utilised. 62 WiP were recruited from three Scottish prisons. Self-reported cause and severity of HIs, offending characteristics and comorbidities were recorded. Results: 88.7% of participants had a HI and 77.3% experienced periods of repeated blows to the head. Most likely cause of HI was assault. 68.4% of repeated HI episodes were caused by intimate partner violence (IPV). Number of HIs with LOC was significantly associated with number of arrests (rs=.398, p=.001; moderate effect size, 95% CI [.17, .61] and time in prison (rs=.299, p=.027; moderate effect size, 95% CI [.05, .54]). Participants with HI were significantly more likely to report violent offences than those with no HI, regardless of the HI severity (p=.043, odds ratio: 6.61, 95% CI [1.09, 40.3]). 86.5% of participants experienced HI before their first offence, indicating it may play a role in offending. Average age of first HI was 11 years, which links to poorer outcomes than adulthood HI. Conclusions: There were high rates of HI in WiP. HI was associated with offending characteristics and trauma. Further research is required with bigger sample sizes to confirm the role of HI in offending. Interventions for WiP may need to be adapted for HI populations and trauma-informed.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: BF Psychology