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Title: Towards an optimal product portfolio of liquid fuels for the Malawi energy market : development of a strategic framework for enhancing pathways of ethanol production and use
Author: Kacelenga, Evans
ISNI:       0000 0004 7432 7188
Awarding Body: University of Bolton
Current Institution: University of Bolton
Date of Award: 2017
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Ethanol has been blended with petrol in Malawi for over thirty years. However the strategic decisions for energy security regarding liquid fuels conspicuously omit ethanol. Fossil fuels continue to occupy first place in spite of the acknowledged fact that fossils reserves are getting exhausted and unsustainable. The goal of the research was to develop a strategic framework for sustainably promoting ethanol production so as to make it a significant part of the liquid fuels portfolio and reduce fossil fuel dependence in Malawi. The purpose of the research was to find possible pathways for increasing the production of and use of ethanol. Five pathways for increased ethanol production and use emerged from the interviews. An analysis of the interview findings identified three pathways for increased ethanol production. These were increasing feedstock for ethanol production, increasing sugarcane yields and increasing land under sugarcane. The analysis of the interviews identified two pathways for increasing ethanol use, one was government incentives and the other was the reduction of the ethanol price. Three interventions by government for achieving an optimal liquid fuel portfolio were identified as the introduction of ethanol driven vehicles, importation of flexi-fuel vehicles and the inclusion of ethanol tanks in the strategic fuel storage plan. There has been no research which explored strategically increasing ethanol in the liquid fuels portfolio in the Malawi context, as such this represents a significant contribution to knowledge. Specifically seventeen sustainability criteria for ethanol production and use were ranked and six were found to be most relevant. The positive economic contribution criterion was seen as the most relevant by the respondents in contrast to the European Union, Brazil, America and elsewhere where green house gas (GHG) mitigation is number one. The land use change (LUC) or indirect land use change criterion had mixed responses signifying that it is not well known. Both the goal and purpose of the research were achieved. A strategic framework was developed and pathways identified.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available