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Title: Integration and identity of the Transylvanian-Saxons in Salzburg since the Second-World-War
Author: Schonheinz, Julia Christine
Awarding Body: University of Bath
Current Institution: University of Bath
Date of Award: 2006
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This thesis examines the integration process and identity of three generations of Transylvanian-Saxons in Salzburg, Austria since the Second-World War, testing four hypotheses. An overview of the most important historical events in Transylvania from their settlement to the dispersion of a large number of Transylvanian-Saxons in the 1940s, provides an insight into their changing political, administrative and personal rights and powers subject to different rulers (Hungary, Turkish empire, AustrianHungarian empire, Romania) controlling the area of Transylvania. This is followed by a general assessment of studies of national identity and a description of stages of development in Transylvanian-Saxon identity and its key characteristics. Hypotheses assuming evidence of a continued Transylvanian-Saxon identity in Salzburg and within it elements of the main characteristics described were tested through participant observation and interviews with members of three generations of Transylvanian-Saxons. Two further hypotheses were used to test changes in the sense of Transylvanian-Saxon identity within the three groups, and demographic factors influencing the immigrant identity of the first generation group. The results show that there is a feeling or association of Transylvanian-Saxon identity perceptible in all three generations, although on a varying level: while the first generation clearly defines itself as Transylvanian-Saxon, the second generation's self-description tends to be a combination of seeing oneself as only TransylvanianSaxon, only Austrian or a combination of both. The majority of the third generation acknowledges Transylvanian-Saxon influences to have added to their sense of identity, and therefore rejects the notion of being 'completely' Austrian. While some characteristics of'traditional' Transylvanian-Saxon identity were still found in interviewees from all three generations, others, such as adherence to a Protestant belief, seem to have lost their importance due to integration in a modern society.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available