Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Investigating the suitability of biomass Eichhornia crassipes as a lost circulation material in water-based drilling muds
Author: Sidi, Purnomo
ISNI:       0000 0004 7432 0429
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2018
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Full text unavailable from EThOS. Please try the link below.
Access from Institution:
This study investigated the performance of the biomass Eichhornia crassipes plant (ECP) as an additive in water-based drilling-mud. ECP is an invasive plant of fresh water ecosystems, so its use in drilling operations provides a low-cost, sustainable option that has off-site environmental benefits. Mechanical tests were conducted on ECP fibres to determine their stiffness under dried and water-wet conditions. Initial tensile tests on nylon fibre determined potential experimental artefacts with the experimental approach. The dried fibres had a water content of 8.163 wt. % (SE 0.636), whereas the wet fibres were 93.43 wt.% (SE 0.294). Water wet fibres had a lower modulus of elasticity than dried fibres and therefore, dried fibres have less tensile strength than wet fibres (Mean = 45.16 MPa; SE = 5.023; N = 41). Rheological properties of bentonite-based drilling muds amended with ECP at different concentrations were also studied. These muds were prepared by mixing ECP fragments at various concentrations (%w/w) with bentonite-water solutions and aged under ambient conditions. Mud viscosity gradually decreased with increasing shear rate, showing characteristic shear-thinning behaviour. Lost circulation of bentonite-water solutions mixed with ECP fragments were assessed with static filtration experiments. Slots and single perforated discs were designed to mimic fractures surrounding drilled boreholes. From a broad range of testing conditions, it was found that ECP fibres significantly decrease lost circulation by bridging fractures. An optimal concentration of 0.83 % by weight of ground plant stalks mixed with 6.28% bentonite in water improved rheology and filtration properties. A bridging gap model for a single fibre showed that ground stalk was less deflected than dried fibre when bridged an opening fissure. The findings of this research create an alternative to use ECP as lost circulation material in oil and gas drilling operations.
Supervisor: Afzal, Waheed ; Hallett, Paul D. Sponsor: Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources ; Republic of Indonesia
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Water hyacinth ; Drilling muds