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Title: Development of a methanol to hydrocarbons process over zeolite coatings in a microstructured reactor
Author: Hu, Guannan
ISNI:       0000 0004 7431 6761
Awarding Body: University of Warwick
Current Institution: University of Warwick
Date of Award: 2017
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In this work, the hydrothermal synthesis of ZSM-5 and its coating with controllable crystal size and Si/Al ratio has been performed. The obtained catalysts have been studied in the methanol to hydrocarbon (MTH) reaction. This reaction is the last step in an integrated fuel processor for the conversion of bio resources to liquid fuels. The development of ZSM-5 coatings has been supported by advanced characterization and testing of catalysts for the determination of property/performance relationships. An optimal synthesis time of 72 h was found to provide the highest crystallinity of ZSM-5 coatings. The larger crystal size of ZSM-5 coatings leads to a higher selectivity towards gasoline (C8-11) hydrocarbons. The selectivity towards the gasoline fraction over ZSM-5 coatings with a thickness of 14 μm was similar to that of an industrial ZSM-5 catalyst, however the yield of the undesirable aromatics by-products was reduced by half due to shorter diffusion pathways in thin catalyst layers. In an attempt to improve the yield of the C8-11 hydrocarbons, two post-synthesis modifications have been performed: Ca ion-exchange and desilication by alkaline treatment. The maximum gasoline selectivity over Ca-H-ZSM-5 was observed at a Ca/H ratio of 0.1 while the longest lifetime in the reaction was observed at the ratio of 0.2. Mesoporosity has been introduced into microporous ZSM-5 catalysts. The obtained meso-microporous ZSM-5 coating show 3 times lifetime and 2.7 times selectivity towards C8-11 hydrocarbon fraction than microporous coating in the MTH reaction. Lumped kinetics of MTH reaction over H-ZSM-5 were used to design a microstructured reactor/heat-exchanger (MRHE) with reaction channels coated with the ZSM-5 catalyst. 2D and 3D convection and conduction heat transfer models coupled with the MTH reaction kinetics were employed to investigate temperature distribution in the MRHE. The effect of the dimension of the microreactor/heat-exchanger and flow condition on the temperature field has been studied. The 2D model under-predicts the magnitude of temperature gradient. The optimised reactor configuration shows a temperature gradient of 21 K in the reaction channels.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: University of Warwick ; Seventh Framework Programme (European Commission)
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TP Chemical technology