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Title: Scramjet combustion modeling using eddy dissipation model
Author: Hoste, Jimmy-John O. E.
ISNI:       0000 0004 7431 4854
Awarding Body: University of Strathclyde
Current Institution: University of Strathclyde
Date of Award: 2018
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In order to aid in the design of scramjet propulsion systems at high Mach number operation, this works considers the Eddy Dissipation Model (EDM) to describe the combustion process inside an open-access Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) solver. Typical CFD modeling approaches for turbulent supersonic reacting flows are associated with a high computational cost. This in turn inhibits the use of CFD in scramjet combustor design or in higher level preliminary designs such as the trajectory optimization process of a scramjet powered vehicle. Instead, low-fidelity models are preferred to charaterize the propulsion system in the latter type of application. The EDM relies on simplified assumptions regarding the combustion process whose validity is thought to be prevalent at high Mach number scramjet operation. It is therefore a suitable candidate model in order to introduce more routinely CFD in scramjet preliminary design phases. As part of the present work, first steps include the selection of an open-source CFD solver followed by several validation studies. After its implementation, a critical numerical analysis of the EDM is performed by considering three hydrogen-fueled experimental scramjet configurations with different fuel injection approaches. Its application is further investigated with a mainly kinetically controlled scramjet design where the underlying assumptions of the EDM are not valid anymore. Finally, the EDM is applied to a combustor design problem demonstrating the metrics of interest that can be relied on for this task.
Supervisor: Fossati, Marco ; Taylor, Ian Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral