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Title: Accounting, accountability, and cooperative identity in Indonesia
Author: Raharja, Surya
ISNI:       0000 0004 7431 2795
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2018
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This study has two related primary aims. The first is to investigate how accountability is embodied in practice in a specific context, namely the cooperative sector in a developing country (Indonesia). Secondly, it aims to investigate the role of accounting in the discharge of accountability in this sector. A qualitative approach and interpretive methodology was chosen for conducting the research. Data were gathered through observations, documentary analysis and interviews. There are 32 interviewees from four case organisations involved in the cooperative movement. A thematic analysis was used to analyze data and facilitate interpretive analysis. The findings show that identity influence accountability, particularly in terms of what should be ‘accounted’. Identity orientation (Brickson, 2007) provides a stakeholder-based grounding and is employed as a framework to understand how organisational (cooperative) identity influences accounting and accountability practice. The findings highlight the use of narratives and ‘implicit’ accounts as a socialising form of accountability, which is used to underpin formal accountability processes such as the Annual General Meeting (AGM), or which on its own serves as accountability. ‘Face to face’ account is commonly used in which selected information from financial statements is conveyed. Meanwhile, the ’implicit account’ exists as a form of accountability. In addition, besides its reporting function, accounting remains widely practiced to support business particularly in its system of control. It is also found that cooperatives are resistant to changes in accounting regulation. The findings contribute to advance stakeholder theory on accountability. Identity orientation facilitates stakeholder theory to see two ways relationship and social relation. As results, the two streams of research can be linked which provide better understanding of accounting and accountability practice. It also opens up new insights on implicit account and detail content of socialising form of accountability. In particular, it puts flesh on socialising forms of accountability and what kind of accounting information is conveyed in social interactions. In addition, this study provides insights of the application of ‘implicit’ account in a high trust community such as the cooperative movement.
Supervisor: Soobaroyen, Teerooven Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available