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Title: Gender, global economic development and intimate lives : exploring reproductive dilemmas in Metro Manila and Cavite, Philippines
Author: Collantes, Christianne France
ISNI:       0000 0004 7431 2445
Awarding Body: SOAS University of London
Current Institution: SOAS, University of London
Date of Award: 2016
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The Reproductive Health debate has been intensely divisive in the dominantly Roman Catholic Philippines, as both opponents and supporters of 'The Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health Act of 2012' (commonly referred to as the 'RH Law') have been at political and religious odds with each other for more than a decade. The debate has been framed in binaries (e.g. 'anti' RH versus 'pro' RH) in public discourse and in political campaigns related to the legislation and its mandates. Scholarship on the debate and the RH Law in the Philippine context has largely been focused on the historical and sociological factors surrounding the obstruction of the law, with considerable focus on the politically influential Catholic Church and how it has hindered the passing of the law for years. I divert from existing scholarship by offering ethnographic case studies and qualitative data on reproductive dilemmas - which are oftentimes unresolved and fraught with hesitancies and affect. From a feminist standpoint, I analyse how these dilemmas break away from the binary categories used in public discourse. Furthermore, I argue that the study of these dilemmas must be explored by looking at the ways in which global economic development policies - especially labour migration, remittances, and urban development - have drastically reconfigured intimate life in the Philippines over the last four decades. The narratives of locals in Metro Manila and Cavite show that such reproductive dilemmas are not only shaped by religious teachings and family planning needs, they are also complicated by the after-effects of the global. Finally, I discuss how gender dynamics also impact and create tensions in reproductive dilemmas, including traditional expectations of men and women in these globalising urban and suburban locales. Using the theoretical rubric of 'intimacy' (Pratt and Rosner 2012; Wilson 2012) and 'intimate economies' (Wilson 2004), I explore the dialogue between the intimate relations and reproductive choices of Filipinos with the material conditions of their globalising social and physical environments. My thesis ultimately explores the intersections of gender, intimacies, and the globalised economy, and how they collide in the personal experiences of reproduction in Cavite and Metro Manila.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral