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Title: Energy optimisation in residential apartments through the passive design strategies by evaluating the local construction materials and designs in semi-arid climate condition of Tehran
Author: Hashemi Fesharaki, M.
ISNI:       0000 0004 7430 981X
Awarding Body: University of Salford
Current Institution: University of Salford
Date of Award: 2018
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Low energy building design methods, and the corresponding environmental constraints, are widely explored in many developed countries. Tehran characterized by its semi-arid climates and geographical location in a global region is renowned for its high energy consumption and carbon emission rates. This research aims to evaluate the energy performances of low energy housing in multi residential buildings in Tehran and provide design guidance in improving their energy and thermal performances using passive design measures. The research considers the building envelope as the back bone of its energy optimisation. It takes into account the local climatic conditions context and local construction practices as well as the most often used construction materials. In order to fulfil the above stated aim, this research uses annual KWh/m2 as a design selection metric to evaluate various design considerations in Tehran. A comprehensive, three phase studies have been carried out for the research in order to achieve following objectives: (a) identify building construction factors resulting in high energy consumption in domestic buildings in Tehran; (b) assess the local efficient design and materials contributing to reduction of energy consumption in Tehran (c) evaluate passive domestic design with regards to free running buildings where is applicable (d) propose guidance on better energy performance residential buildings in Tehran through passive design principles. The finding of this research proves that a systematically selection of various designs and materials within the local practices and market, coupled with considerations of local standard thermal comfort requirements, up to 70% of energy savings can be achieved in Tehran without imposing much change against the cost and design to the existing practices.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available