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Title: Quantum Hall edges beyond Luttinger liquid
Author: Fern, Richard
ISNI:       0000 0004 7430 7750
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2018
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We consider a series of problems regarding quantum Hall edges, focusing on both dynamics and the mathematical structure of edge states. We begin in Chapter 3 with a limiting case of the Laughlin state placed in a very steep confining potential, but which is weak compared to the interactions. We find that the eigenstates have a Jack polynomial structure and an energy spectrum which is extremely different from the well-known Luttinger liquid edge. In Chapter 5 we analyse the inner products of edge state wavefunctions, using an effective description given by a large-N expansion ansatz proposed by J. Dubail, N. Read and E. Rezayi, PRB 86, 245310 (2012). As noted by these authors, the terms in this ansatz can be constrained using symmetry, a procedure we perform to high orders. We then check the conjecture by calculating overlaps exactly for small system sizes and comparing the numerics with our high-order expansion to find excellent agreement. Finally, Chapter 6 considers the behaviour of quantum Hall edges close to the Luttinger liquid fixed point that occurs in the low energy, large system limit. We construct effective Hamiltonians using a local field theory description and then consider the effect of bulk symmetries on this edge. The symmetry analysis produces remarkable simplifications which allow for very accurate descriptions of the low-energy edge physics even relatively far away from the Luttinger liquid fixed point.
Supervisor: Simon, Steven H. Sponsor: EPSRC
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Condensed Matter Physics ; Conformal Field Theory ; Quantum Hall Edges