Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.757963
Title: Density, temperature and magnetic field measurements in low density plasmas
Author: Oliver, Matthew
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2018
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Abstract:
Low density plasmas are found throughout the known universe. Therefore, accurate diagnostic methods have implications for our understanding of a variety of topics, ranging from star formation to the semi conductor industry. Low density plasmas are ubiquitous in the material processing industry. However, measurements of the electron temperature and density, two of the most fundamental plasma properties, are not straightforward. In the laboratory, we create a low density, radio frequency, helium plasma with a bi-Maxwellian electron distribution, similar to those found in the semiconductor processing industry. We use optical emission spectroscopy to perform a non invasive measurement of the plasma conditions. We compare this to measurements obtained using a Langmuir probe, a commonly used invasive diagnostic. The optical emission spectroscopy is found to be insensitive to electron density but good agreement is found between the two techniques for values of the temperature of the hot electron component of the bi-Maxwellian. Plasmas created with high-intensity lasers are able to recreate conditions similar to those found during astrophysical events. This development has led to these condi- tions being explored in laboratories around the world. An experiment was performed at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory in Didcot, UK, investigating the properties of supersonic turbulent jets. For the first time a magneto-optic probe was used to measure the magnetic field in a low-density supersonic turbulent plasma. The results were compared to measurements taken using a magnetic-induction probe. Good agreement was found between measurements of the magnetic field strength within the plasma; however, the magnetic power spectra differ. We attribute this to the dif- ference in integration length between the two measurements. Statistical properties of the velocity field are inferred from the magnetic field measurements, which compare favourably to astrophysical observations and hydrodynamic simulations.
Supervisor: Gregori, Gianluca Sponsor: EPSRC
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.757963  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Plasma (Ionized gases) ; Magnetic field measurements ; Radio Frequency Discharge ; Plasma ; supersonic jets ; Verdet crystal ; gamma regime ; Laser
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