Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.757468
Title: Investigating electromagnetic properties of brain tissue using 7 T MRI
Author: Kleban, Elena
ISNI:       0000 0004 7430 2853
Awarding Body: University of Nottingham
Current Institution: University of Nottingham
Date of Award: 2018
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Abstract:
Magnetic Resonance Imaging allows electromagnetic properties of the brain to be measured in vivo, providing new markers of structure at a microscopic level. Evaluation of the local complex signal evolution observed using a multi-echo gradient-echo (MEGE) sequence can allow the electromagnetic and relaxivity properties of individual tissue compartments to be accessed. The phase evolution carries valuable information about the different compartments, but is dominated by non-local, large-length-scale field variations which present the main challenge in processing complex MEGE data. In this work 2-compartment and 3-pool models are used to describe signal evolution from a mixed tissue and venous compartment and from white matter, respectively. A new method for removing the effects of non-local field variations without corrupting local non-mono-exponential phase evolution is proposed. The 2-compartment model of venous blood complex signal has been used to access the vascular dependence on orientation and oxygenation levels, and has been validated against existing methods on large distinguishable veins. A phantom consisting of capillary tubes filled with ferritin solution immersed in a water bath has been used to validate the 2-compartment model and the estimated frequency offsets between the ferritin and water compartments at multiple orientations to B⃗0 shown to agree with predictions of theory. White matter in the corpus callosum has been investigated using a saturation-recovery MEGE sequence with variable flip angles with the aim of revealing differences in the T1-relaxation properties of the myelin, the external and the intra-axonal water compartments. The results show that the relative saturation of the myelin water compartment decreases with increasing flip angle and is consistent with there being a short-T1 component associated with myelin water. However, the observed signal behaviour shows less contrast than expected based on the findings from the previous studies. This could be related to differences in exchange rates between compartments. Finally, diffusion-weighted, asymmetric spin-echo imaging was used to simultaneously investigate the diffusivity and electromagnetic properties of the external and intra-axonal compartments of white matter. This approach could provide additional information about white matter microstructure. Asymmetry of the spin echo sequence was achieved by delaying the acquisition by ∆t. The preliminary results show an increase in the scaled magnitude with echo delay at a constant b-value in some regions of the corpus callosum. The preliminary results are promising, but further investigation and method development are required. This thesis has investigated a number of novel methods of studying white matter structure and cerebral microvasculature.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.757468  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QC501 Electricity and magnetism ; RC 321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
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