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Title: Cosmopolitanism and asylum seekers in the European Union : implementation of the asylum acquis in Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom from 1999-2015 : are EU Member States fulfilling their international and EU obligations
Author: Mierswa, Klaudia
ISNI:       0000 0004 7430 0460
Awarding Body: Northumbria University
Current Institution: Northumbria University
Date of Award: 2016
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This study described and analysed the provision of reception conditions- including material reception conditions, accommodation, health care, education and employment- to asylum seekers in Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. The main aims of the study were to: 1) Give an outline of the legislative and administrative measures governing the asylum process in the European Union and the concerned countries, 2) Develop a theoretical framework with cosmopolitan indicators and finally 3) Analyse the findings using the cosmopolitan indicators and discuss whether EU Member States are in compliance with cosmopolitan values and human rights norms when it comes to the provision of reception conditions to asylum seekers. The study is of a unique character as it compared different national processes of reception conditions to asylum seekers in light of a cosmopolitan framework. A multi-method research strategy included a qualitative research approach, the development of indicators and analysis of three case studies. Data was collected from multiple sources: NGO and governmental reports, European, national and regional legislation and semi- structured interviews with experts from NGOs and governmental authorities working in the provision of reception conditions to asylum seekers. The establishment of cosmopolitan indicators describing political, moral and cultural characteristics of a cosmopolitan state provided a conceptual framework for the study, and the indicators served as an analytical tool in the discussion of the findings. The study demonstrated that there are flaws in the analysed national approaches in the provision of reception conditions to asylum seekers. One contributing factor for this was the existing broadly-phrased EU asylum acquis and the implementation of these legislative tools into national and local law. Furthermore, the study pointed out that the EU and the analysed countries show certain cosmopolitan traits, such as the realization of an inter-connectedness and dependency of the world in the present global environment. However, the commitment and ambitious aims of being in compliance with human rights norms and cosmopolitan values are rarely fully translated into the actual provision of reception conditions to asylum seekers. The study found that one of the main forces of this dilemma is the reluctance of the EU Member States to give up a certain degree of their sovereignty in this matter. The study shows that the conceptual framework developed from cosmopolitan ideas can be usefully applied to the study of the provision of reception conditions to asylum seekers, the conceptual framework could be used as guidance for a subsequent and more extensive research in the field. Furthermore, the study presents policy recommendations to the analysed countries providing them with relevant input on shortcomings and possible solutions and improvements to the national asylum processes.
Supervisor: Chapman, Rachael ; Vickers, Tom Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: L300 Sociology