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Title: A holistic programme for the revitalisation of the Old Town of Tripoli
Author: Ehtaiba, Ali Mohammed
Awarding Body: Heriot-Watt University
Current Institution: Heriot-Watt University
Date of Award: 2007
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The research is concerned with the decline and the deterioration of the Old Town of Tripoli and its heritage. Its 47 hectares of its traditional urban fabric is considered to be one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in Libya. However, the Old Town of Tripoli has experienced destruction and a loss of its physical and social infrastructure, as well as in its economic conditions, as a result of neglect and a lack of awareness of the importance of this heritage. In addition to the lack of infrastructure, other contributing factors are: a poor physical environment, high density, social disintegration, the departure of the original residents and their replacement by local and international migrants, and the disappearance of traditional activities and the tourism market. The thesis aims to understand and determine the existing physical, social and economic situation of the Old Town of Tripoli by studying, surveying and analysing the historical urban fabric of the town and its inhabitants. This analysis will help to determine the reasons for the problems of deterioration and change in the Old Town of Tripoli. Revitalising the historical urban fabric is a very important process consisting of different aspects such as the physical, social and economic conditions. The purpose of the thesis is to present a suitable revitalisation programme for the re- development of the Old Town. This research, therefore, has adopted broad methods to achieve the aims and objectives in producing a revitalisation programme. The methodology that is suggested to deal with the problems facing the Old Town, and the solutions for it comes from different literature reviews and case studies. The methodology was approached both deductively and inductively. The deductive part consists of a literature review. The inductive part consists of a survey and interviews with residents of the Old Town of Tripoli and a questionnaire, followed by the implementation, application and the conclusion. To achieve these aims and objectives, the thesis is divided into four parts. The first part consists of three chapters; the first chapter covers the importance of Tripoli City and its location. The fact Tripoli is the capital of Libya provides it with a special economic and administrative importance. The second chapter includes the historical development of the Old Town in three stages: its early history, colonial history and modern history. The third chapter of the study addresses the urban structure of the Old Town and its importance as an historical core and as a main part of the commercial centre of Tripoli. In addition, this chapter presents an idea of the conditions of the physical fabric of the Old Town. The second part of the study contains three chapters. The fourth chapter addresses four case studies selected from North Africa and the Middle East. These include the historical city of Jeddah, Tunis, Fez, and Aleppo. The main purpose was to investigate and learn from the problems facing these cities. Chapters Five and Six give a clear idea about the main problems facing the Old Town of Tripoli, resulting from the field survey, interviews and observations. The poor physical condition and the economic situation of the Old Town's residents, also the fact that most of the occupants of these historic buildings are poor rural and international migrant workers who cannot afford to live in the new suburbs and to maintain these properties, causes the neglect and lack of maintenance of the traditional houses, which, in turn, leads to the deterioration of these historic properties and to the loss of social interaction. The third part of this study proposes ideas to solve the problems which were addressed in the second part. Part three contains three chapters. Chapter Seven addresses all that should be done to improve the physical, social and economic conditions of the Old Town and to attract the original people to return. Chapter Eight addresses two case studies of the city of Tunis and the city of Fez. The purpose was to learn from their experiences how they have implemented and managed their problems and to apply any learning from the Tunis and Fez studies to improving the Old Town of Tripoli. Chapter Nine deals with a comprehensive revitalisation programme. Part four consists of two chapters. Chapter Ten deals with the implementation and application of the revitalisation programme. Chapter Eleven presents the conclusion and recommendations of the whole thesis.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available