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Title: Enzyme immobilisation on mesoporous silica, inspired by chaperonins
Author: Lynch, Michele M.
ISNI:       0000 0004 7429 3010
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2018
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In nature, chaperonins stabilise enzymes and protect them from high temperature and unfavourable solution conditions. We are inspired by some of chaperonins’ fundamental properties when investigating materials for enzyme immobilisation. In this project, mesoporous silica SBA-15 is used as a synthetic chaperonin analogue because of its controlled mesopore diameter and its negatively charged surface. Mesoporous silica SBA-15 have been synthesised by an acidic sol-gel method. The morphologies and textural parameters of the SBA-15 have been characterised using electron microscopy, gas physisorption, and small-angle Xray scattering. The synthesised SBA-15 samples are used to immobilise several model proteins: myoglobin, lysozyme, trypsin, and pepsin. At equilibrium, protein immobilisation can be described by the Langmuir model of physical adsorption. The maximum amount of protein that can be adsorbed onto SBA-15 increases with increasing pore diameter. The kinetics of adsorption of the protein myoglobin is found to be affected by the pore size of the SBA-15, with the protein diffusing faster through a larger pore. Immobilising enzymes to SBA-15 is shown to increase their biocatalytic activity under some solution conditions. For myoglobin and lysozyme, the protective effects were strongest in solutions where the enzyme is strongly electrostatically attracted to the silica surface. Immobilised myoglobin is also found to be protected from digestion by the protease pepsin. For trypsin, the relationship between electrostatic attraction and improved activity was inconclusive. SBA-15 pore size was shown to affect the activity of the smallest enzyme, lysozyme. In summary, this thesis recommends the following prioritisations for enzyme immobilisation: strong electrostatic attraction between enzyme and material, followed by pore size just exceeding the diameter of the enzyme. By determining the relative importance of these parameters, this thesis increases the fundamental understanding of enzyme immobilisation by physical adsorption onto porous materials.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available