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Title: The effect of a self-affirmation manipulation on threat processing, drinking behaviour, and implicit responses to alcohol cues in hazardous drinkers
Author: Byrne, A.
ISNI:       0000 0004 7428 9230
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2015
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This thesis aims to add to the literature on self-affirmation as a means of reducing derogation of health risk messages, and engendering behaviour change. By exclusively sampling university students who drink hazardously, this study is also intended to add to the evidence base regarding interventions for alcohol misuse in this high-risk group. Part 1 of the thesis reviews another type of intervention for student drinking, namely, parent-based interventions. Numerous experimental studies have been published in recent years which examine the efficacy of this type of intervention. Findings suggest that parental influence on young people can extend into late adolescence and the early twenties, and, consequently, delivering an intervention solely to parents can produce effects on youth alcohol misuse. Part 1 therefore aims to summarise what is known about these interventions thus far, and make recommendations for future research. Part 2 of the thesis reports an experimental study of the efficacy of a self-affirmation manipulation on derogation of a health risk message, as well as changes in drinking behaviour one week after the intervention. Furthermore, it describes the results of a test of the effects of self-affirmation on automatic approach-avoidance biases to alcohol-related stimuli, which were assessed using a Relevant-feature Stimulus-Response Compatibility task. The third part of the thesis critically appraises aspects of Part 2. It elaborates on the decision-making processes involved in choosing a measure of implicit cognition, and formulating a risk message. It also describes difficulties with recruitment and how these were addressed, and concludes with reflections on the work from a clinical perspective.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available